The examination of patent applications is carried out by Patent Examiners. The federal government of america has set up a Patent Information System (PIS) at Nagpur that gives services for patents and patent search. PIS provides information to researchers and scientists. Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) was established in 2002. IPTI imparts training to personnel involved in Intellectual Property and also conducts awareness programmes for attorney and researchers. Patent Office conducts Patent Agent examination twice a year. An excellent candidate then can also work as being an approved Patent agent. The examination is conducted at Head Office and Three regional office.
Jozef Murgas – inventor from the radio – Obviously, history records Marconi as the inventhelp new inventions from the radio. However, the truth is that while Marconi managed to finance the essential patents, the specific person behind the invention had been a priest, born in Tajov, in Slovakia, called Jozef Murgas. Murgas emigrated from Slovakia to Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, where he soon devised a system that greatly improved Morse code. His “Rotary-spark-system” allowed for faster communication, with the use of musical tones. The newest invention was patented because the “Wireless Telegraphy Apparatus”. Also, he patented 16 more inventions in this field, which may go on to put the foundations for the invention in the radio. Unfortunately, too little money in addition to a variety of financial setbacks, eventually led Murgas to offer the younger, more prosperous Marconi, the rights for all of his patents.
The word EMR means the exclusive marketing rights to sell or distribute the content or substance covered in a patent or patent application in the united states. The objective of EMRs is to ensure that the innovator can market free copies of his product.
To adhere to certain requirements of TRIPS, pending the transition to some full-fledged product patent regime, provisions associated with exclusive marketing rights inside the areas of drugs and agro chemical products were incorporated in the Patents Act, 1970 with cut of date from January 1, 1995. Chapter IVA incorporated the relevant provisions. Section 24 from the Act stipulates that this USA has to receive applications for patents containing claims for drugs and agro chemical products with all the condition that such applications could be taken up for consideration of granting EMR if an application is created.
The application form for the grant of the EMR can be created for an invention in relation to a post or substance designed for use or able to being used being a drug or medicine, developed after 1.1.2005, that has been claimed in a Black Box application. The Act specifically debars grant of EMR to substance based upon traditional system of medicine. Upon getting the EMR, the applicant provides the exclusive straight to sell or distribute the item from the invention for a period of five years from the date of grant or up until the date of grant or rejection from the application for patent, whichever is earlier. The corresponding patent application will be taken up for examination after 1.1.2005, which is the time provided to the united states to create a product or service patent regime in all the fields of science and technology.
The administration of patent related matters in the united states is looked after by Patents and Trademarks Office. This office comes underneath the purview of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls beneath the Ministry of Commerce, Government of the USA. The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks accounts for administrative processes linked to Intellectual Property Rights including Patents. You can find four patent offices located at four different places in the united states to facilitate filing of patent applications among Indian researchers and scientists.
Stefan Banic – invention patent of the parachute – Born in Nestic, in Slovakia, Banic emigrated to America as he was 37 and located serve as a coal miner in Pennsylvania. There he witnessed a tragic accident in 1912, which led Banic to construct a prototype of a parachute and register it with all the U.S. Patent Office. On the 3rd June 1914, Banic demonstrated how his parachute worked, by jumping from the building in Washington. Then he kindly gave away his patent rights to the U.S. Army and although his invention proved vitally important during WWI, he received little fame or fortune.
Wolfgang von Kempelen – inventor of the typewriter for your blind – Born in Bratislava, Kempelen worked in the service of Maria Theresia, the then ruler from the Habsburg Empire. A recognised genius, Kemplen’s many achievements range from the invention of a speaking machine, in 1791, as well as a special typewriter for that blind. However, the most famous invention he or she is credited with, an automated chess player referred to as Turk, later proved to be a hoax.
Jozef Maximilian Petzval – inventor from the opera glass – Petzval is regarded as by a lot of men and women to become the founder of modern photography. A great mathematician, he was due to the chair of Mathematics at the University scuwcx Vienna, in 1837. He is mostly renowned for his focus on optical lenses inside the 1840’s, which proved instrumental in the building of the modern camera. Petzval is also remembered for greatly improving the telescope, as well as inventing the opera glass.
Jan Bahyl – inventor in the petrol motor-driven helicopter – Born in Zvolenska Slatina in 1845, Bahyl is probably the best of all the Slovak inventors. In a career within the army, Bahyl was able to focus on several inventions, many of which involved hydraulics. Bahyl’s first notable invention, which he financed together with his own money, was the Steam Tank. The Russian army bought the invention, which enabled Bahyl to dedicate his life to inventing. Among his many inventions were the tank pump, an air balloon combined with an air turbine, the initial petrol engine car in Slovakia along with a lift approximately Bratislava castle. However, he is probably best remembered for the making of a petrol motor-driven helicopter, which he flew himself, in 1905.
For this kind of small country, Slovakia boasts numerous new ideas for inventions who played a vital role for making our society an improved place to live in. This is a look at five Slovak inventors and a few of the inventions that made them famous.