Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and also over one million people die, most of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main places that malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, is able to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four varieties of malaria parasite that may infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Enough time needed for progression of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to fight malaria – Scientists from your University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that may end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into connection with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that utilizing the same technology some day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology may be used once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.